Stainless Steel Plate

Restricted Carbon Modification of 410 that Prevents Hardening and Cracking when Exposed to High Temperatures or Welding.

Available thicknesses for Alloy 410S:

3/16" 1/4" 5/16" 3/8" 1/2" 5/8" 3/4" 7/8"
4.8mm 6.3mm 7.9mm 9.5mm 12.7mm 15.9mm 19mm 22.2mm
 
1" 1 1/4" 1 1/2" 1 3/4" 2" 2 1/2" 3"
25.4mm 31.8mm 38.1mm 44.5mm 50.8mm 63.5mm 76.2mm

General Properties

Alloy 410S (UNS S41008) is a low carbon, non–hardening modification of Alloy 410 (UNS S41000) the general purpose 12% chromium martensitic stainless steel. The low carbon and a small alloy addition minimize austenite formation at high temperatures which restricts the alloys ability to harden. 410S remains soft and ductile even when rapidly cooled from above the critical temperature. This non-hardening characteristic helps prevent cracking when the alloy is exposed to high temperatures or welded. 410S is completely ferritic in the annealed condition. It exhibits adequate corrosion resistance similar to 410 and good oxidation resistance.


Applications

  • Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Processing
          Columns
          Distillation trays
          Heat exchangers
          Towers
  • Ore Processing
          Mining machinery
  • Thermal Processing
          Annealing boxes
          Partitions
          Quenching racks
  • Gate valves
  • Press plates

Standards

ASTM........A 240
ASME........SA 240

Corrosion Resistance

The corrosion resistance of Sandmeyer Steel 410S stainless steel is similar to type 410. It resists corrosion in atmospheric conditions, fresh water, mild organic and mineral acids, alkalis and some chemicals. It’s exposure to chlorides in everyday activities (e.g., food preparation, sports activities, etc.) is generally satisfactory when proper cleaning is performed after exposure to use.

General Corrosion Behavior Compared With Other Nonaustenitic Stainless Steels*

5% Test
Solution at 120°F
(49°C)
Corrosion Rate in Mils per Year and Millimeters per Year (mm/a)
Alloy 409 Alloy 410S Alloy 420 Alloy 425 Mod Alloy 440A Alloy 430
Acetic Acid 0.88
(0.022)
0.079
(0.002)
1.11
(0.028)
4.79
(0.122)
2.31
(0.0586)
0.025
(0.0006)
Phosphoric Acid 0.59
(0.002)
0.062
(0.002)
0.068
(0.002)
0.593
(0.015)
0.350
(0.009)
0.029
(0.001)

*Hardened martensitic grades were tested after tempering at 400°F (204°C)

As shown in the above table, 410S has good corrosion resistance to low concentratiions of mild organic and mineral acids.

Oxidation Resistance

The oxidation resistance of 410S stainless steel is good. It can be used in continuous service up to 1300°F (705°C). Scaling becomes excessive above 1500°F (811°C) in intermittent service.

Formability

410S stainless steel can be easily formed by spinning, bending and roll forming.

Chemical Analysis

The austenitic stainless steels are considered to be the most weldable of the high-alloy steels and can be welded by all fusion and resistance welding processes.

Chromium 11.5 min.-14.5 max. Sulfer .030 max.
Nickel 0.60 max. Silicon 1.00 max.
Carbon 0.08 max. Iron Balance*
Manganese 1.00 max. Phosphorus 0.040 max.

*Alloy predominates remaining composition. Other elements may be present only in minimal quantities.


Physical Properties

Density

0.28 lbs/in3
7.73 g/cm3

Magnetic Permeability

0.28 lb/in3
7.73 g/cm3

Specific Heat

0.11 BTU/lb-°F (32 – 212°F)
0.46 J/kg-°K (0 – 100°C)

Modulus of Elasticity

29 x 106 psi
200 GPa

 

Thermal Conductivity 212°F (100°C)

187 BTU/hr/ft2/ft/°F
26.9 W/m-°K

Melting Range

2700 – 2790°F
1480 – 1530°C

Electrical Resistivity

23.7 Microhm-in at 68°C
60 Microhm-cm at 20°C
Linear Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
  In/in°F um/m-°K
32 - 212°F (0 - 100°C) 6.0 x 10-6 10.8
32 - 600°F (0 - 315°C) 6.4 x 10-6 11.5
32 - 1000°F (0 - 538°C) 6.7 x 10-6 12.2
32 - 1200°F (0 - 649°C) 7.5 x 10-6 13.5

Mechanical Properties

Typical Room Temperature Mechanical Properties, Mill Annealed

Yield Strength
0.2% Offset
Ultimate Tensile
Strength
Elongation
in 2 in.% (min.)
Hardness
Rockwell B
Reduction
percent of area
psi (min.) (MPa) psi (min.) (MPa)
42,000 290 64,400 444 33 75 65

Fabrication Data

Heat Treatment

The alloy can not be hardened by heat treatment. It is annealed in the 1600 – 1650°F (871 – 899°C) range and then air cooled to relieve cold working stresses. 410S should not be exposed to temperatures of 2000°F (1093°C) or above due to embrittlement. If excessive large grains are encountered after annealing mildly cold-worked material, the annealing temperature should be decreased to a range of 1200 – 1350°F (649 – 732°C) range.

Surface Preparation

For maximum corrosion resistance to chemical environments, it is essential that the 410S surface be free of all heat tint or oxide formed during annealing or hot working. All surfaces must be ground or polished to remove any traces of oxide and surface decarburization. The parts should then be immersed in a warm solution of 10-20% nitric acid followed by a water rinse to remove any residual iron.

Machining

Alloy 410S should be machined in the annealed condition using surface speeds of 60 to 80 feet (18.3 – 24.4 m) per minute.

Welding

For maximum corrosion resistance to chemical environments, it is essential that the 410S surface be free of all heat tint or oxide formed during annealing or hot working. All surfaces must be ground or polished to remove any traces of oxide and surface decarburization. The parts should then be410S is generally considered to be weldable by the common fusion and resistance techniques. Special consideration should be given to avoid brittle weld fractures during fabrication by minimizing discontinuities, maintaining low weld heat input and occasionally warming the part somewhat before forming. 410S is generally considered to have slightly poorer weldability than the most common ferritic stainless steel grade 409. A major difference can be attributed to the alloy addition to control hardening which results in the need for higher heat input to achieve penetration during arc welding. When a weld filler is required, AWS E/ER 309L or 430 filler material is most often specified.immersed in a warm solution of 10-20% nitric acid followed by a water rinse to remove any residual iron.

NOTE: The information and data in this product data sheet are accurate to the best of our knowledge and belief, but are intended for informational purposes only, and may be revised at any time without notice. Applications suggested for the materials are described only to help readers make their own evaluations and decisions, and are neither guarantees nor to be construed as express or implied warranties of suitability for these or other applications.

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